Indonesia Border Diplomacy Under The Global Maritime Fulcrum

Andika, Muhammad Tri (2017) Indonesia Border Diplomacy Under The Global Maritime Fulcrum. RITSUMEIKAN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, 15. pp. 45-66.

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As an archipelagic country, border settlement is one of the critical issues for Indonesia. Ten countries have maritime borders with Indonesia: Australia, The Philippines, India, Malaysia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, and Vietnam. Therefore, this aspect becomes more important for Indonesia’s foreign policy, particularly after the Global Maritime Fulcrum (GMF) doctrine was launched by President Joko Widodo (popularly known as Jokowi). The GMF initiated by President Joko Widodo contains a derivative policy on strengthening Indonesia’s border diplomacy. It is also emphasised by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in its strategic goals 2015–2019. To reinforce this policy, Indonesia needs to take decisive actions, such as by giving instructions for sinking boats whenever they are caught fishing illegally or firing warning shots on illegal boats trespassing Indonesia’s territorial seas. These incidents often trigger diplomatic tensions with neighbouring countries. However, as Indonesia’s maritime doctrine, GMF also emphasises working with other countries in maritimebased cooperation for various dimensions, including the settlement of maritime borders, and in order to delineate maritime borders,negotiations with neighbouring countries are inevitable. Against this background, this article aims to elucidate the dynamics of Indonesia’s borders diplomacy under the doctrine of GMF. How should Indonesia engage in border diplomacy under the GMF? What are the most likely challenges facing Indonesia in dealing with border diplomacy that would arise under this new situation? This article argues that the doctrine of GMF has bolstered the efforts of the Indonesian government to take serious action on maritime border diplomacy. Nevertheless, Indonesia’s border diplomacy under the GMF is still facing major challenges.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Global Maritime Fulcrum, Borders, Diplomacy, Settlement, Sea
Subjects: Political Science > International law
Political Science > International Relations
Divisions: Fakultas Ekonomi dan Ilmu Sosial > Program Studi Ilmu Politik
Depositing User: Users 2 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2018 04:07
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2018 04:08

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